1. Junior Member
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Jul 2010
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Formula for Total Line current of Schedule of Load

Regarding to the the total computation of load of line current.
Do I need to separate the highest motor rating current when I'm applying the demand factor or it must be combined on the demand factor in order to size correctly the breaker of the panel. thanks guys.

2. Originally Posted by rnnpila
Regarding to the the total computation of load of line current.
Do I need to separate the highest motor rating current when I'm applying the demand factor or it must be combined on the demand factor in order to size correctly the breaker of the panel. thanks guys.
Code requires largest motor load be included in the summing at 125%. Whether you do it separately or just add the 25% separately is user's choice. The main issue is that the plans examiner or inspector be able to realize which way you did it...

3. Junior Member
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Jul 2010
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yes, i think that is also one of the issue, but there's a difference in the total line current that's why I want to clear whether the starting current of the motor which is the 25% must be also be in the demand factor, specially when the load schedule is are mixed of single and three phase loads. thank you.

4. Originally Posted by rnnpila
yes, i think that is also one of the issue, but there's a difference in the total line current that's why I want to clear whether the starting current of the motor which is the 25% must be also be in the demand factor, specially when the load schedule is are mixed of single and three phase loads. thank you.
Starting current is not part of the service or feeder calculation. The reason for the extra 25% of the largest motor is not to provide for starting current. It is to cover the possibility of continuous and full loading of all the motors. Since it is only a possibility that all motors will be run continuously, and at full load, and more likely they will not, the extra 25% of the largest should cover the demand if it should ever be at its maximum. Perhaps not as stringent as 125% for all continuous loads, but historical evidence has shown the requirement, as is, to suffice in practically all scenarios.

5. Junior Member
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Jul 2010
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Thank you so much for the information.. Can I ask the formula you using for this topic? I just need some reference and comparisons. Thank you.

6. Originally Posted by rnnpila
Thank you so much for the information.. Can I ask the formula you using for this topic? I just need some reference and comparisons. Thank you.
I do not know what you mean using the word "formula" on this topic. There is no [magic? ] formula needed to determine the largest motor... its simply the one that'll use the greatest number of VA.

7. Junior Member
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Jul 2010
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:grin: im asking for the formula you using for finding the total line current of a panel in order to size the main breaker panel and to give the correct wire size to be used, of course there's no formula for the finding the highest motor rating, i know that.. hehe! thanx.

8. Originally Posted by rnnpila
:grin: im asking for the formula you using for finding the total line current of a panel in order to size the main breaker panel and to give the correct wire size to be used, of course there's no formula for the finding the highest motor rating, i know that.. hehe! thanx.
The method (not formula) for such determination is prescribed in Article 220, with reference to other articles. If you're asking for a one line equation, it simply is not going to come from me. An entire Annex ("D") is devoted to providing examples of an Article 220 service or feeder calculation, which is where it all starts.

There are too many variables to the method to give you a simple "formula". I, and likely others can help much more if you were more specific...

...other than the previous aspect, the only thing I can fathom you asking is how to do so when there are single phase and three phase load combinations. Let me, us know if this is what you are after...???

9. Junior Member
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Jul 2010
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ok, i will just look up and read the article. You are right, Im also concern on the method you used if the load is a combination of three phase and single phase. Thank you.

10. Originally Posted by rnnpila
ok, i will just look up and read the article.
I see you are wise beyond your ears

You are right, Im also concern on the method you used if the load is a combination of three phase and single phase.
For single phase line to neutral it is rather obvious the VA load is assigned entirely to its connected line. Three phase loads (balanced) you assign one third of the load VA to each line. For single phase, line-to-line, you assign one-half the load VA to each connected line.

This method slightly flawed, but if the system is reasonably balanced out, it suffices... besides, engineers have been doing it this way without a problem since before I was born. No sense in breaking with tradition