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Thread: Pull Station Location and Doors in Series

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    Pull Station Location and Doors in Series

    NFPA 72 tells me a manual pull station is required within 5' of exit doors.
    17.14.8.4 Manual fire alarm boxes shall be located within 5'
    (1.5 m) of each exit doorway on each floor.

    During design review I pointed out several stairwell exits that had pull stations outside of the doors entering the stairwell on both floors but without a pull station at the exit door to the outside from the stair tower.

    Designer response was:
    "Where exit doors are provided in series (e.g., vestibules, doors to the exterior from exit stair enclosures, etc.), pull stations are only required at the first door in that series. For instance, at exit stairs on Level 1, there is an exit door into the stair and then the door within the stair to the exterior. The pull station is installed at the first door into the stair; a second pull station within the stair at the door to the exterior is not required."

    I dot see anything like this in NFPA 72. Does anyone know where this comes from or if it is legit? I have never heard of this exception and do not see it in NFPA 72.

    1N73LL1G3NC3 15 7H3 4BILI7Y 70 4D4P7 70 CH4NG3.

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    Quote Originally Posted by luckylerado View Post
    NFPA 72 tells me a manual pull station is required within 5' of exit doors.
    17.14.8.4 Manual fire alarm boxes shall be located within 5'
    (1.5 m) of each exit doorway on each floor.

    During design review I pointed out several stairwell exits that had pull stations outside of the doors entering the stairwell on both floors but without a pull station at the exit door to the outside from the stair tower.

    Designer response was:
    "Where exit doors are provided in series (e.g., vestibules, doors to the exterior from exit stair enclosures, etc.), pull stations are only required at the first door in that series. For instance, at exit stairs on Level 1, there is an exit door into the stair and then the door within the stair to the exterior. The pull station is installed at the first door into the stair; a second pull station within the stair at the door to the exterior is not required."

    I dot see anything like this in NFPA 72. Does anyone know where this comes from or if it is legit? I have never heard of this exception and do not see it in NFPA 72.
    You have to go to the building code and carefully study the definitions of "exit", "exit discharge", "exit access", etc. The portion of the system you describe is the "exit discharge". The "exit" is what is between the "exit access" and "exit discharge". The exit access is, eg, the corridor on the floor. The door to the stairwell is the exit and includes the interior exit stairwell. So, as I read it, you need a pull station on each floor where you enter the stairwell but not at the bottom of the stairwell.

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    Quote Originally Posted by gadfly56 View Post
    You have to go to the building code and carefully study the definitions of "exit", "exit discharge", "exit access", etc. The portion of the system you describe is the "exit discharge". The "exit" is what is between the "exit access" and "exit discharge". The exit access is, eg, the corridor on the floor. The door to the stairwell is the exit and includes the interior exit stairwell. So, as I read it, you need a pull station on each floor where you enter the stairwell but not at the bottom of the stairwell.

    Been there repeatedly and gadfly56 explained it pretty much perfectly.

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    So if I understand correctly, the "exit" to which NFPA 72 refers in this situation is the door from the occupied space to the stair tower. I took a look at IBC definitions and what you say makes sense. Thanks for pointing me in the right direction.

    1N73LL1G3NC3 15 7H3 4BILI7Y 70 4D4P7 70 CH4NG3.

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    Quote Originally Posted by luckylerado View Post
    So if I understand correctly, the "exit" to which NFPA 72 refers in this situation is the door from the occupied space to the stair tower. I took a look at IBC definitions and what you say makes sense. Thanks for pointing me in the right direction.
    Glad to help!

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