# Thread: Number of recepts on a 20A branch circuit

1. Originally Posted by shespuzzling
But if you have convenience outlets and you're not designing for a particular cord and plug connected appliance you have to assume 180VA at a minimum, which would mean 13 outlets maximum.
Disagree. Load calcs and load usage are not the same thing. If they were, you could argue that every 20a receptacle circuit is allowed to supply 13 receptacles.

Added: You aren't assuming that each receptacle will actually be loaded at 180va when you allow for it when doing load calcs. There's no guarantee that 180va will ever be exceeded or not exceeded.
Last edited by LarryFine; 12-17-18 at 04:22 PM.

2. Originally Posted by charlie b
You may fire when ready, Gridley.
I'm ready to fire with you, as I agree with you completely. For example, I would have no concern with placing more than 10 or 13 Christmas lighting receptacles on a single 15a or 20a circuit, respectively.

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Originally Posted by LarryFine
Disagree. Load calcs and load usage are not the same thing. If they were, you could argue that every 20a receptacle circuit is allowed to supply 13 receptacles.

Added: You aren't assuming that each receptacle will actually be loaded at 180va when you allow for it when doing load calcs. There's no guarantee that 180va will ever be exceeded or not exceeded.
What value would you use then to calculate the load on a branch circuit serving convenience outlets? And are you suggesting that the exhibit in the handbook which indicates 13 outlets max on a 20A is incorrect?

4. Originally Posted by shespuzzling
What value would you use then to calculate the load on a branch circuit serving convenience outlets?
To calculate, as for service load calcs, I'd use 180va. To actually decide how to load them, i.e. assign circuits, it depends.

In a residential kitchen, for example, general-use countertop receptacles, typically two or three per circuit; for known appliances, like microwave and refrigerator, one per circuit.

In a commercial hallway, where the janitorial staff needs to plug in the floor buffer, I would place more than 13 on a 20a circuit if there was enough hallway to warrant that many.

And are you suggesting that the exhibit in the handbook which indicates 13 outlets max on a 20A is incorrect?
I am, especially if the handbook is not an enforceable part of the NEC.

5. Originally Posted by Dennis Alwon
So part II says branch circuit load calculation and 220.14(I) states 180 per receptacle then how do you reconcile your statement.
By noting that everything you said has to do with article 220. That is all about calculating load, so that any given branch circuit, or feeder, or service will have enough capacity to handle what will be served by it. It is not about making design decisions of how many branch circuits are needed, or what can be connected to any single branch circuit. I like Larry’s example of a building with long hallways. The janitor’s vacuum cleaner or floor buffer will be plugged into only one outlet at a time, so it does not matter how many outlets are on the same circuit.
Originally Posted by Dennis Alwon
IMO, it is saying that the branch circuit cannot have more than 180 va per receptacle.
How, then, can we allow a person in my building (office type) to ride a bike to work, take a shower, and plug a 1200 watt hair dryer into an outlet in the locker room? Since I know that is possible, I won’t choose to design the building with a large number of locker room outlets on the same circuit. But if I know enough about the likely use of outlets, I can make my own design decisions about how many outlets to put on the same circuit.

I say again, a different way this time: 210 is 210, and 220 is 220, and never the twain shall meet. (OK, now I owe apologies for misquoting both Rudyard Kipling and Admiral George Dewey.)

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Here's what confuses me. Last week you guys had mostly convinced me that a duplex receptacle was two outlets. And this graphic shows otherwise. What am I missing?

7. Originally Posted by MAC702
What am I missing?
A duplex receptacle is two receptacles mounted in a single outlet.

The receptacle is the device; the outlet is the box and wires.

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Originally Posted by MAC702
Here's what confuses me. Last week you guys had mostly convinced me that a duplex receptacle was two outlets. And this graphic shows otherwise. What am I missing?
It goes by the yoke. 1 yoke= 1 receptacle, doesn't matter how many plugs you can stick into it. Single, duplex or triple counts as ONE receptacle.

-Hal

9. Notice that the rule in question specifies "receptacle outlets" and not "receptacles."

10. Originally Posted by charlie b
At the risk of being chastised again, I will restate my opinion, long held and frequently contradicted, that 210 and 220 don't speak with one another. The 180 VA per outlet is for calculating the minimum load for the building. It is not a design criterion. So my belief is that there are no limits to the number of outlets on a circuit, regardless of the occupancy. Specifically, when article 210.21(B) speaks of maximum loads, nothing requires us to count the outlet at 180 VA each. Instead, it is talking about what gets actually plugged into the outlet.

You may fire when ready, Gridley.
Fire at me also, I agree with Charlie here.

You can have two receptacles on the circuit but plug in two items that draw more than 20 amps combined and that 180 VA per receptacle means nothing. Plug in 100 small desktop items that only draw millamps each and you may never blow the 20 amp breaker either. This is design issue more than code requirements, or should be anyway.

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