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Thread: Service Tap???

  1. #41
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    Quote Originally Posted by electrofelon View Post
    No I still dont think it makes sense. If the 200 amp breaker is tripping, its for a reason. moving some of that load to the line side is masking the problem and overloading the SEC. Yes the SEC will probably be fine, but there is no "it will likely be fine" clause in the code.
    The 200 amp breaker would trip because the amperage was at or above it's 200 amp rating.

    Sometimes even when the amperage may be lower than it's rating if ran that way for a significant amount of time.

    That in no way implies that 200 amp rated wire carrying 200 amps of current is somehow masking a problem and overloading the conductor.

    If it is, we need to re-design the NEC and oversize the wire for every overcurrent protection device out there.


    JAP>

  2. #42
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    Quote Originally Posted by jap View Post
    The 200 amp breaker would trip because the amperage was at or above it's 200 amp rating .

    Sometimes even when the amperage may be lower than it's rating if ran that way for a significant amount of time.

    That in no way implies that 200 amp rated wire carrying 200 amps of current is somehow masking a problem and overloading the conductor.

    If it is, we need to re-design the NEC and oversize the wire for every overcurrent protection device out there.


    JAP>

    Well you cant have whats in red there - if its above the 200 amp breaker rating, then its above the 200A conductor rating. If there is close to 200 amps of current or exactly 200 amps, then the breaker should hold forever, unless there is some high ambient temp stuff going on. Yes I get nervous having things running right at the top of their rating, thats why I said I wouldnt sleep well at night having a breaker near the top of its rating. You said "Its got nothing to do with sleeping well at night...." I guess I dont know what that means; maybe we sleep differently

    How about this: It doesnt give you any extra capacity per the NEC, but it gives you a little more "feel all right about it" capacity?
    Ethan Brush - East West Electric. NY, WA. MA

    "You can't generalize"

  3. #43
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    Quote Originally Posted by Strathead View Post
    That is extremely generous and far outside the allowance here, however, I don't see how even the most reasonable AHJ would consider service conductors entering an accessible junction box with splices in it INSIDE the building as causing downstream OCP to be no longer nearest the entrance.
    Quote Originally Posted by david View Post
    Here as well
    Here is the section from the Washington Administrative Code 296-46B:

    070 Service equipment - Disconnecting means.
    (10) In addition to the requirements of NEC 230.70(A), service equipment, subpanels, and similar electrical equipment must be installed so that they are readily accessible and may not be installed in clothes closets, toilet rooms, or shower rooms. All indoor service equipment and subpanel equipment must have adequate working space and be adequately illuminated.
    (11) The service disconnecting means must be installed at a readily accessible location in accordance with (a) or (b) of this subsection.
    (a) Outside location: Service disconnecting means will be permitted on the building or structure or within sight and within fifteen feet of the building or structure served. The building disconnecting means may supply only one building/structure. The service disconnecting means must have an identification plate with one-half-inch high letters identifying:
    (i) The building/structure served; and
    (ii) Its function as the building/structure main service disconnect(s).
    (b) Inside location: When the service disconnecting means is installed inside the building or structure, it must be located so that the service raceway extends no more than fifteen feet inside the building/structure.
    Its interesting is reads "service raceway" which could be construed is disallowing a box, but I dont think it is intended that way. I have used pull boxes inside with no issues.

    If it makes y'all feel any better, SEU is not allowed for SEC.
    Ethan Brush - East West Electric. NY, WA. MA

    "You can't generalize"

  4. #44
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    Quote Originally Posted by electrofelon View Post
    Well you cant have whats in red there - if its above the 200 amp breaker rating, then its above the 200A conductor rating. If there is close to 200 amps of current or exactly 200 amps, then the breaker should hold forever, unless there is some high ambient temp stuff going on. Yes I get nervous having things running right at the top of their rating, thats why I said I wouldnt sleep well at night having a breaker near the top of its rating. You said "Its got nothing to do with sleeping well at night...." I guess I dont know what that means; maybe we sleep differently

    How about this: It doesnt give you any extra capacity per the NEC, but it gives you a little more "feel all right about it" capacity?
    I'm simply saying there are advantages to tapping the service conductors rather than putting a subfeed breaker in the existing panel or coming off the load side of the existing main without ever overloading the service conductors.


    JAP>

  5. #45
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    Even if that advantage may simply be keeping one panel energized even though you may need to shut the other one down.


    JAP>

  6. #46
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    Quote Originally Posted by jap View Post
    If the 200 amp panel is drawing say 150 amps, and,you subfed the 100 amp panel from the 200 amp panel, and, the 100 amp panel is drawing 50 amps (200 amps total), and, the service conductors are rated at 200 amps, you will most likely trip the 200 amp breaker even though you haven't overloaded the 200 amp rated service conductors if run this way for any length of time.

    In that same scenario, with a service tap, you would not trip the 200 amp, and, you still would not have overloaded the 200 amp rated service conductors.

    JAP>
    If run that way for any length of time then you likely don't have 125% of continuous load and 100% of non continuous load calculated correctly if your end result was a 200 amp conductor. Not landing on a "standard" overcurrent device however doesn't require 125% of continuous load - in that case a 200 amp conductor is good for 200 amps continuous. 4/0 aluminum is too small unless 310.15(B)(7) can be applied, 250 aluminum has 5 amps to spare and 3/0 copper is right on.

    Quote Originally Posted by charlie b View Post


    I can't quite get here from there. That article points you to four other articles that essentially address means and methods. But they do not have rules similar to the feeder tap rules that include requirements for conductor sizes (as compared to the conductor being tapped), distance limits, and overcurrent protection at the end of the tap. Even if I knew the AWG size of the service conductors and the distance between their new pull box and the new panel, how could I judge whether the installation would meet all relevant NEC requirements, especially as I don't know where any such requirements would be found?

    I am still looking at this as a "non-trivial exercise."
    EF kind of addressed it - service conductors are different from feeders and branch circuit conductors in that there is no overcurrent protection ahead of the conductor. Feeder tap rules are meaningless to apply or compare to similar situations involving service conductors because of this.

    Quote Originally Posted by electrofelon View Post
    I think you are over thinking this. There arent really specific "tap rules" for SEC, at least they arent called that, but see 230.40, 230.70,230.71, 230.72, 230.90(A) EX 3. I think what you are hung up on is "tapping" a SEC with smaller sized wire - its fine, there is no OCPD there anyway so it doesnt matter that it is smaller. Best you can do is give it overload protection as required in 230.90. Think about it, we "split" SEC into multiple/smaller sets all the time: A bussed gutter above a bunch of meters, a multi gang meter socket without disconnects, etc......
    I live for today, I'm just a day behind.

  7. #47
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    Quote Originally Posted by infinity View Post
    The only potential issue I see is the possible overloading of the existing conductors. If a load calculation proves that they're sufficient then there is no issue. Also there should not be a "#6 ground" in the raceway with the new SEC's.
    I agree.

    Essentially, this is no different then service conductors entering a gutter and splitting to multiple service disconnects. In this case they are just adding the pull box after the fact.

    As long as the conductors meet the calculated load, it's time to move forward.

  8. #48
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    Quote Originally Posted by kwired View Post
    If run that way for any length of time then you likely don't have 125% of continuous load and 100% of non continuous load calculated correctly if your end result was a 200 amp conductor. Not landing on a "standard" overcurrent device however doesn't require 125% of continuous load - in that case a 200 amp conductor is good for 200 amps continuous. 4/0 aluminum is too small unless 310.15(B)(7) can be applied, 250 aluminum has 5 amps to spare and 3/0 copper is right
    310.15(B)(7) informational note #2
    4/0 Aluminum and 2/0 CU is good for 200A on services



    Sent from my iPhone using Tapatalk

  9. #49
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    Quote Originally Posted by Malywr View Post
    310.15(B)(7) informational note #2
    4/0 Aluminum and 2/0 CU is good for 200A on services



    Sent from my iPhone using Tapatalk
    You are reviving something that hasn't had a post for about 4 months so I may be missing something, but I did say "unless 310.15(B)(7) applies". Without the allowances of (B)(7) 4/0 aluminum only has an ampacity of 180 and 2/0 copper only has an ampacity of 175.

    What (B)(7) does isn't exactly an ampacity adjustment. I don't know what to call it, it isn't exactly a demand factor either, it is just an allowance for specific situations that allows you to use conductors at a different rating than their usual rating and is allowed for service as well as feeder conductors - if used to supply the entire load of an individual dwelling.

    If you are not supplying the entire load of an individual dwelling with conductor in question, this allowance means nothing.
    I live for today, I'm just a day behind.

  10. #50
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    Quote Originally Posted by kwired View Post
    You are reviving something that hasn't had a post for about 4 months so I may be missing something, but I did say "unless 310.15(B)(7) applies". Without the allowances of (B)(7) 4/0 aluminum only has an ampacity of 180 and 2/0 copper only has an ampacity of 175.

    What (B)(7) does isn't exactly an ampacity adjustment. I don't know what to call it, it isn't exactly a demand factor either, it is just an allowance for specific situations that allows you to use conductors at a different rating than their usual rating and is allowed for service as well as feeder conductors - if used to supply the entire load of an individual dwelling.

    If you are not supplying the entire load of an individual dwelling with conductor in question, this allowance means nothing.
    Thank you for responding I just learn something new what I did not see before
    But I am still confused how it is allowed to install 100A tap to 200A service unless there is not possible to overload that service in the future if someone see empty space in panel will use it to max 250-300A on residential that is less likely but commercial maybe....


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