(B) Increased in Size. Where ungrounded conductors are increased in size from the minimum size that has sufficient ampacity for the intended installation, wire-type equipment grounding conductors, where installed, shall be increased in size proportionately according to the circular mil area of sized according to Table 250.122 based on highest standard overcurrent protection device rating that could be used to protect the ungrounded conductors.
I am uncertain of the premise under which this requirement came into existence, but I see it conflicting with other completely compliant methods.
Consider the following graphic depictions:
In (A), we have a typical circuit.
In (B), we have ungrounded conductors increased in size to compensate for voltage drop resulting from the circuit length. Under existing requirement, with the overcurrent device rating of 20A, the #12 EGC of the typical circuit must be increased in size proportionately to the increase in size of the ungrounded conductors, resulting in a #6 EGC.
In (C), we used an alternate and compliant method to compensate for the voltage drop, protecting the main run with a 60A overcurrent device, then using an additional 20A overcurrent device at the load end. For this configuration, we are only required to use a #10 EGC.
In (D), we use the proposed revision to size the EGC at #8. Though a #10 is the minimum required in (C), because the ampacity of #6 is 65A@75?C, we could protect the ungrounded conductors with up to a 70A breaker or fuse. This crosses the EGC size threshold in Table 250.122, so a #8 EGC would be required.
In summary, current requirements conflict with the two methods to compensate for voltage drop depicted in (B) and (C) above. If a #10 EGC is sufficient enough to trip a 60A breaker on fault in (C), then a #8 should certainly be sufficient enough to trip a 20A breaker in (D).
I say in reality it depends on the available fault current of the source and the total length/size of service/feeders plus the length of the circuit in question, but NEC wants to make it a one size fits all kind of situation, meaning you can have overkill in some instances.IF we accept that premiss, would a #10 not be sufficient in "D" ?
Quite possibly sufficient, but the way I word the revision would require a #8.IF we accept that premiss, would a #10 not be sufficient in "D" ?
Yes, but as you know, Code does not require compensation for voltage drop. And I'm sure you are also aware Code does not require calculation or determination of circuit design falling within the trip characteristics of the OCPD.I say in reality it depends on the available fault current of the source and the total length/size of service/feeders plus the length of the circuit in question, but NEC wants to make it a one size fits all kind of situation, meaning you can have overkill in some instances.
add: I should have thrown in the trip characteristics of the overcurrent device is also an important factor.
I think it should say it if the egc/ground is good by raceway conduit or any thing else that we can legally use to have a ground.then this circuit or whatever it is must be suplimented with a ground based on ocp. To the last point in which it changes over to something we would have to pull a ground in at that point it shall be size by the ungriunded conductors size until it terminates
When you run the numbers you will find out that steel conduit is suitable for use as an effective EGC in longer lengths than is a code sized EGC of the wire type.Just my 2 cents, but,
Until someone figures out at what footage the raceway, conduit or anything else, that we legally used as our EGC becomes ineffective,,,, that's going to be a tuff one to figure out where exactly we need to start adding the suplimental Type" EGC to the end.
If the raceway or conduit or whatever we had was an acceptable means of an EGC to begin with,,,,, then there would actually be no need for the supliment.
But then again, most decisions of having to increase the size of the EGC are needed to be made prior to a new installations, more so than an existing one.
But not necessarily an upsized EGC...When you run the numbers you will find out that steel conduit is suitable for use as an effective EGC in longer lengths than is a code sized EGC of the wire type.
Perhaps an easier approach to revision is to just add an exceptionfor a wire-type EGC size as determined with GEMI software analysis (provided to and approved by the AHJ?), but not smaller than in accordance with Table 250.122....Perhaps electricalist has a point on the conduit being a suitable EGC. ...
But not necessarily an upsized EGC...
Perhaps electricalist has a point on the conduit being a suitable EGC. Under current code, if you run a wire-type EGC even though not required because the conduit serves as an adequate EGC by itself, we are 'penalized' by having to increase the wire EGC size anyway.
That's why my last post refers to a GEMI analysis approach. Even from what I've read about GEMI analysis, there is a limit to the length of raceway which provides an adequate EGC.I agree that the installed is penalized but might it not be better to say that if the raceway qualifies as an EGC then we don't really care what size EGC is pulled into the raceway?
Exactly the way it has been for a long time - and other then the presence of a very long run it does provide a safety factor to life and property though it sometimes is overkill.Ultimately on saying one Code situation may result in overkill, at the same time you are saying another Code situation may result in being insufficient.
I would think that if a raceway is so long it no longer qualifies as egc someone will have already set another panel sub panel fused disc. Or something. Its not cost effect to run voltage drop wire that farThat's why my last post refers to a GEMI analysis approach. Even from what I've read about GEMI analysis, there is a limit to the length of raceway which provides an adequate EGC.
I have not downloaded/installed the GEMI application because I wouldn't use it on my personal computers for anything other than posting here on the forum... which amounts to never installing it on my personal computers. That said, does anyone know if the program provides a grounding analysis for where both raceway and wire-type EGC are used in combination?
PS: I have not yet submitted any proposed revision in this regard. I did submit one regarding the upsizing determination where only AWG sized conductors are involved... amounts to using difference in gauge number rather than actually performing a proportionate cmil cal'.
Sub panel or not the load still draws the same current, so I'm not sure where you want to go with that, you can transform to a higher voltage and then back on the load end, but in many instances cost is less to run larger conductors then it is for a pair of transformers and additional gear necessary to utilize the transformers.I would think that if a raceway is so long it no longer qualifies as egc someone will have already set another panel sub panel fused disc. Or something. Its not cost effect to run voltage drop wire that far