#### mbrooke

##### Batteries Not Included

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- United States

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- Thread starter mbrooke
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What I know about neutral shift it is what NEMA MG1 and IEC 60034-17 [up to 1000 V] recommend.

Since the voltage to ground reaches 1.86 times the rated, a motor up to 500 V rating will not be in danger. For higher than 500 -mainly for 4.16 kV -an isolation transformer is required. See-for instance-Toshiba Application Guide:

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What I know about neutral shift it is what NEMA MG1 and IEC 60034-17 [up to 1000 V] recommend.

Since the voltage to ground reaches 1.86 times the rated, a motor up to 500 V rating will not be in danger. For higher than 500 -mainly for 4.16 kV -an isolation transformer is required. See-for instance-Toshiba Application Guide:

https://toshont.com/index.php?gf-download=2018/11/Neutral-Shift-Voltage-Stress-From-Drives.pdf&form-id=3&field-id=3&hash=5d75d2a956d00c09956e27c8328ecde4efb32c14a6f79bcfa9dcbc08b74071ef&TB_iframe=true

Thanks- but I had feeders and branch circuits in mind. The neutral conductor has impedance, and it goes up as the circuit run increases.

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- Henrico County, VA

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- Electrical Contractor

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Yes- and the greatest locked rotor/inrush current.

- Location
- LA basin, CA

- Occupation
- Service Electrician 2017 NEC

In addition to upsized neutral requirements for non-linear loadsYes- and the greatest locked rotor/inrush current.

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- United States

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How does a delta system respond to non linear loads? Basically everything connected line to line? Same deal in de-rating or upsizing the phases?In addition to upsized neutral requirements for non-linear loads

- Location
- LA basin, CA

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- Service Electrician 2017 NEC

However, when sizing neutrals for continuous loading, or short-circuit current, you might be interested in the last paragraph of example D3(a) in Annex D.

- Location
- LA basin, CA

- Occupation
- Service Electrician 2017 NEC

Whats the deal with Delta xfmrs and de-rating or upsizing the phases?How does a delta system respond to non linear loads? Basically everything connected line to line? Same deal in de-rating or upsizing the phases?

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Thank you, I will take a look at it.

However, when sizing neutrals for continuous loading, or short-circuit current, you might be interested in the last paragraph of example D3(a) in Annex D.

- Location
- Chicago, IL

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- EE

Many or most of you probably already know this but here goes:

On a Y-connected system with balanced linear loads, at every point in time there is at least one opposing current for every non-zero phase current. So the phase currents (ideally) will cancel at the neutral connection

Nonlinear loads like rectifiers draw current only near the voltage peaks, and therefore the phase currents have short durations that don't overlap. And so there is little or no cancelation of currents at the common neutral point. Therefore the mean square current in the neutral is the sum of the three mean square currents on each phase. So for current pulses with equal value, the total neutral RMS current is sqrt (3) = 1.73... times the RMS current on one phase. If there's any overlap of the phase currents then the neutral current will be less.

I don't think the same worst case condition can exist on the line currents of a delta because there's no single conductor where all of the peak currents flow through. However, there can be circulating harmonic currents in a delta transformer that can cause other problems.

On a Y-connected system with balanced linear loads, at every point in time there is at least one opposing current for every non-zero phase current. So the phase currents (ideally) will cancel at the neutral connection

Nonlinear loads like rectifiers draw current only near the voltage peaks, and therefore the phase currents have short durations that don't overlap. And so there is little or no cancelation of currents at the common neutral point. Therefore the mean square current in the neutral is the sum of the three mean square currents on each phase. So for current pulses with equal value, the total neutral RMS current is sqrt (3) = 1.73... times the RMS current on one phase. If there's any overlap of the phase currents then the neutral current will be less.

I don't think the same worst case condition can exist on the line currents of a delta because there's no single conductor where all of the peak currents flow through. However, there can be circulating harmonic currents in a delta transformer that can cause other problems.

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