It is likely only found on the 'engraved nameplate inside of the transformer.Any one know the impedance of this transformer? I tried their website, but no luck for me.
Copy down the serial number, catalog number, and overall specifications of the transformer (so that it is in text form instead of photo form, and therefore easier to copy and paste for them). Then write to the manufacturer (Howard Industries) and ask them for a document that shows the content of the nameplate.Any one know the impedance of this transformer? I tried their website, but no luck for me.
The POCO engineer wondered aloud why they had placed one so large.It is likely only found on the 'engraved nameplate inside of the transformer.
Whatever you find is probably going to be an estimate or typical value. Transformers this small are rarely tested for actual values unless that was part of the procurement specifications.
I have a wrench, but no key to the padlock. Not interested in That route anyway. I’ll let POCO get me the FC tomorrow.Copy down the serial number, catalog number, and overall specifications of the transformer (so that it is in text form instead of photo form, and therefore easier to copy and paste for them). Then write to the manufacturer (Howard Industries) and ask them for a document that shows the content of the nameplate.
The nameplates are inside the secondary cabinet, so you would need to open it with the pentagonal transformer wrench to see it. Plus it is most likely energized.
Ah, No. Not in this lifetime.I'm used to thinking of the impedance of a transformer as the square of the turns ratio (absolute impedance). I'm assuming you are more concerned with the following:
The per-unit impedance describes that percentage
of the rated voltage required to produce full load
current while the transformer output is shorted.
I'm gathering that you have no desire to short the winding's and ramp up voltage until full load amps happens?
Worst case fault current level is fine when selecting withstand rating of equipment, may not give you worst case incident energy level for arc flash events though as response time of overcurrent protection can/will vary depending on actual current level.If its a POCO transformer, let them give you the impedance. The number they give you will usually allow for a replacement with a different Z, if this transformer goes bad. For example, they might give you a range for a 100KVA transformer like 3%-5%, or a minimum number like 3%.
I'm pretty sure our local POCO just has a table that lists %Z ranges for each size transformer. I've asked for a copy of this "table" but no luck. They make me call and wait for every single transformer and service we ever do.
Single phase "pole pigs" seem to tend to be lower impedance from my observations, but you usually also have at least 25 or more feet of conductor to help lower the available fault current at any customer gear in most casesA typical impedance, Z, for this transformer would be 3.7%. This comes from The Industrial Power System Handbook by Beeman, which specifies typical data for transformers with ratings not larger than 500 kVA and primary voltage not higher than 12.47 kV. ANSI C57.12.10 specifies standard impedances for transformer larger than 500kVA. The tolerance for a new transformer is +/- 7.5%, but since this is an existing transformer the tolerance would be zero. However, because you don't know the impedance, you might want to use the -7.5% if you are looking at 3ph fault current.
This equates to 13.5MVAsc and 14.5MVAsc, respectively. Probably not going to make a difference on the rating of equipment. Utilities typically use transformers with lower impedances, so it could be down to around 2.4%, or 20.8MVAsc. Impact on equipment ratings could be significant.